Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to cope with sugar or glucose in the blood. Insulin is a hormone released to control blood sugar. It helps release sugar as energy can be used by cells. Depending on the type of diabetes, the body may or may not be able to produce insulin because the beta cells that produce insulin are destroyed by the immune system. No matter what type of diabetes a person has, they should look at what they eat. The diet is sensitive to sugar entering the bloodstream. People with diabetes can have more control over their condition if they know how food affects their blood sugar levels. A useful tool for this is the diabetic diet guide pyramid. This document will explain how the pyramid works and how it is used.
The diabetic diet pyramid is a visual representation of the foods that should be eaten by diabetics. The drawing is in the shape of a pyramid divided into six sections. The portions below are very large, indicating that these types of foods should be eaten in moderation. As the pyramid goes to the top, the portions shrink until the tip is too small, and it indicates that these types of foods should be eaten sparingly.
Foods are indicated, in particular, by their carbohydrate and protein content. Carbohydrates are very important for a person with diabetes because these foods are often made by the body as sugar that enters the bloodstream. By monitoring the type and amount of carbohydrates consumed by a person with diabetes, they can have a better idea of the level and level of sugar in their blood. High blood sugar or a sudden rise is not good for a person with diabetes by feeling unwell and having long-term problems.
The pyramid is made up of:
Bread, grains and starch at the bottom of the pyramid. These include starchy vegetables such as potatoes, rice, cereals and grains such as oats, wheat and rye. These foods contain mainly carbohydrates. The food guide pyramid proposes 6-11 feeds from this group per day. The size of the serving depends on the type of food, for example a slice of bread will be divided into portions such as serving.
Vegetables follow. This type of vegetable is a very raw vegetable. They are good as a source of vitamins, minerals and fiber. They are also low in fat and calories. The guide recommends 3-5 servings per day in which one serving is a cup of raw vegetables and half a cup of cooked vegetables.
Then comes the fruit. Also good for vitamins and minerals but fruits contain carbohydrates which can change blood sugar levels. It is recommended that you have 2-4 servings a day when serving is a piece of fresh fruit.
Milk follows. This can be milk or yoghurt. Try low-fat varieties of these foods. Take 2-3 servings a day in which one cup of milk is served.
Then meat and meat instead. Eat fat cuts when eating meat. Other types of meat are things like eggs, cheese or tofu. The guide recommends 4-6 ounces a day for this type of meal.
The point of the pyramid is oil, sweets and alcohol. These are things like cakes, candy, ice cream and potato chips. Try to eat this only for a special treatment or event. They do not have a real amount of nutrients in the body but are good for some time.